Logging roads and water quality

by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region X

Publisher: Environmental Protection Agency, Region X in [Seattle, Wash

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 865
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Subjects:

  • Roads -- Maintenance and repair,
  • Water quality

Edition Notes

Cover title

The Physical Object
Pagination[8] p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14181085M

Underwater logging is the process of logging trees from underwater forests. When artificial reservoirs and dams are built, large areas of forest are often inundated; although the trees die, the wood is often preserved. The trees can then be felled using special underwater machinery and floated up to the surface. One such machine is the sawfish harvester. Nonetheless, the logging-for-water idea has recently gained traction in Sacramento and among some other environmental organizations. The conservation group Pacific Forest Trust is currently sponsoring legislation, Assembly Bill , written by Assemblymember Richard Bloom, D-Hollywood, that could increase forest thinning in certain watersheds. Sediment loading from logging roads impairs water quality and habitat conditions in many Pacific coastal rivers and streams. In this paper, we address the question of whether logging road erosion monitoring is worth the time and expense, given that we could decline to . ] Logging Roads, Point Sources, and the EPA’s Silvicultural Rule water sources According to the USFS, however, the construction and maintenance of logging roads has the greatest potential to impact water quality and wetlands of .

Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton g is the process of cutting trees, processing them, and moving them to a location for is the beginning of a supply chain that provides raw material for many products societies worldwide use for housing, construction, energy, and consumer paper . Percentages of revenue from these timber sales go to respective counties, with the remainder allocated to the ODF State Forests Division. This revenue is used for administration, forest planning, environmental research, and water quality monitoring, among other activities, ensuring forest management provides a range of benefits. Potential Effects of Forestry on Aquatic Ecosystems Without effective management and precautions, logging operations can have significant negative impacts on aquatic ecosystems, as described below. Changes to stream hydrology. Forest harvesting can lead to changes in the amount of water entering streams as well as the timing of these flows. FORTY YEARS OF LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT THE IMPACTS OF FOREST PRACTICES ON WATERSHED HYDROLOGY AND WATER QUALITY. George Ice, Principal Scientist National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Corvallis, Oregon For more than years, forest management in the United States has been evolving to address forest goals for timber and water.

  By Katherine J. Hart. In Northwest Environmental Defense Center, et al. v. Marvin Brown, et al., an environmental group sued various timber companies along with the Oregon State Forester and the individual members of the Oregon Board of Forestry for violations of the Clean Water Act on the grounds they did not obtain permits from the Environmental Protection .   Stormwater Discharges from Logging Roads Require Clean Water Act Permits, Ninth Circuit Holds September 2, According to a recent decision from the Ninth Circuit, public and private forest owners and logging companies may be required to obtain permits for stormwater runoff that occurs on the countless logging roads in much of the west. Chapter Forestry Impacts on Water Quality A Q TI C The major potential nonpoint-source impact resulting from silvicultural activities is sediment from roads and skid trails. Other minor nonpoint-source impacts on water quality include short-term increased peak flows during storms; short-term increased base flows; short-term increased. Allowed Uses and Best Management Practices (BMPs) Acceptable Management Practices for Maintaining Water Quality on Logging Jobs in Vermont (VWR) applies to the construction, repair, maintenance or improvements of roads that are in wetlands or wetland buffer zones.

Logging roads and water quality by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region X Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Print version: Logging roads and protection of water quality. [Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service, ]. roads on water quality, as well as alterations to normal water flow patterns. r Effective road construction techniques minimize the disturbance to the natural flow of water over the landscape and ensure the structural integrity of the road embankment.

The goal is to provide a simple road structure of adequate. In some cases, logging crews have been barred from future work in forests due to poor judgment regarding forest road conditions.

Drawings are from Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources () Wisconsin's Forestry Best Management Practices for Water Quality. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Logging roads and protection of water quality. [Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service, Forest Roads EPA has decided that no additional regulations are needed to address stormwater discharges from forest roads under the Clean Water Act at this time.

State, federal, regional, tribal government, and private sector programs already exist nationwide to address water quality problems caused by discharges from forest roads. EPA / MARCH LOGGING ROADS AND PROTECTION OF WATER QUALITY PREPARED BY: PART I; PART II, pp EPA REGION X WATER DIVISION Sixth Avenue Seattle, Washington PART II, pp ARNOLD, ARNOLD AND ASSOCIATES Pine Street and DAMES AND MOORE Seattle, Washington for.

In addition, the North Carolina Sustainable Forestry Initiative Statewide Implementation Committee offers a toll-free Inconsistent Practices Hotline, in which you can leave a message if you have a forest sustainability or water quality concern about a specific logging job.

The hotline phone number is In its decision, the Court held (lawyer parlance for determined) that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) acted lawfully in not requiring foresters to have permits for stormwater runoff from logging roads and other logging activities, which might otherwise require a permit under the Clean Water Act.

The Clean Water Act itself is a. A significant source of water pollution, muddy runoff from logging roads, is stirring up controversy in the Northwest. A lawsuit that began in Oregon will be argued before the U.S. Supreme Court. 6 All roads, trails, decks and sawmill sites should be located outside of the SMZ where possible.

If necessary, additional practices may be required to protect water quality. 6 Steep slopes, cold-water fisheries and municipal water supplies all need wider SMZs to protect water quality.

Planning for Forestry Operations. Removing and Rewilding Old Roads The greatest threat to watershed health in Mt. Hood National Forest is the road network that totals well over 3, miles. These roads are the leftovers of the heyday of logging in our public forests.

Best Management Practices for Forestry: Protecting Maine’s Water Quality. i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Professional Logging Contractors of Maine • Jack Frost, Forests for the Future • Steve Gettle, MeadWestvaco “water quality”refers to the characteristics of water in nature that support.

These roads rapidly fall into disrepair and quickly become impassable. Remnants of old roads can exist for decades. They are eventually erased by washout, erosion, and ecological succession.

Logging roads. Logging roads are constructed to provide access to the forest for logging and other forest management operations. They are commonly narrow. CHAPTER 7 ROAD MAINTENANCE Introduction it too has a potential for adversely impacting water quality through its high biochemical oxygen demand.

Fortunately, though, the BOD-containing agents in pulping liquors will oxidize rapidly on the road surface. Logging roads and protection of water quality.

EPA /, NTIS. Landowners are encouraged to consider water and fish protection when planning, siting, and constructing roads. Key elements The location, construction, maintenance, use, and drainage of forest roads must prevent sediment from getting into streams. Rules encourage roads to be built way from streams.

The water quality went crazy bad.” Another proponent of logging for water is the environmental group the Nature Conservancy, which is helping to Author: Will Parrish. Water Quality Rain Gardens. Rain Gardens – 05/ [ PDF format] Rain Gardens Technical Guide – 05/ [ PDF format] Riparian Forest Buffers.

Forests and Water - Get the Most Out of Your Land – 08/ ; Riparian Buffers Tax Credit – 02/ [ PDF format] Riparian Forest Buffers: Forests on the Water’s Edge – 12/ [ PDF format].

The Impact of Timber Harvest on Soil and Water Resources GEORGE W. BROWN Forest Hydrologist, School of Forestry, Oregon State University Summary Oregons forests appear as a highly diverse set of complex ecosystems in which soil, climate, topography, and the trees them-selves interact to create the forests we see.

Man and his timber harvest. The researchers found that logging roads and log landing areas were significantly denser and less able to absorb water four years after timber harvesting had ended.

Next door in Idaho, Craig Gehrke looks at the same kind of dirt roads bulldozed into the national forests and sees devastation: soil erosion that reduces water quality and hurts fish; "fragmented.

“A Good Road Lies Easy on the Land ” “A road lies easily on the land if it is located on a landform where it can be readily and effectively drained (neither too steep nor too flat); is functional when used as intended (class of vehicle, season and suitable weather conditions); has appropriate drainage.

Logging conservation practices must take into account broad ecosystem impacts from timber harvesting, such as such as soil compaction, erosion, sedimentation of water bodies, damage to residual trees, and numerous impacts surrounding roads and skid trails (erosion, increased access for illegal activity, increased exposure to invasives, etc.

Logging can remove some of the trees that shade the water and keep it cool. Cold water is really important for salmon and trout. So important, that the state has a cold-water standard.

The Supreme Court today upheld U.S. EPA's policy for regulating stormwater runoff on logging roads in the Pacific Northwest. The ruling in Decker v. Northwest Environmental Defense Center. Effects of logging and road building on hillslope erosion, stream discharge, and water quality EPA Grant Number: U Title: Effects of logging and road building on hillslope erosion, stream discharge, and water quality Investigators: Robinson Ambers, Rebecca Kelly Institution: University of Oregon EPA Project Officer: Michaud, Jayne Project Period: Septem through.

Old skid roads are by far the roughest and most unimproved forest roads. Used to remove trees from the forest, they can go almost anywhere, and contain frequent deep ruts and wet seeps. They seem to branch out in a random manner that makes them frustrating for navigation – it’s usually easier to take a direct route with a map and compass.

water diversion structures for your logging roads refer to your copy of the "Forestry BMP Manual". You can get additional copies of the manual at any N.C.

Forest Service county office. -Roger Miller, Water Quality Forester, NCDFR The Water Bar for Loggers and other Forestry Professionals Serving Northwest North Carolina. For safety, in steep terrain logging roads could be insloped and water channelled to culverts and removed.

An alternative to culverts is broad-based dips. These are installed after the basic roadbed is constructed. They are good for erosion control on both skid roads and haul roads and can be used where road grades do not exceed 10%.

The suit contends the Clean Water Act specifically says water running through ditches and culverts built to handle storm water from logging roads is a. Water bars installed on a road after timber harvesting. Source: Angela Wilson, Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board.

Figure These ruts were created by wet-weather use of an unsurfaced, poorly drained road. Photo: Angela Wilson. Improved water quality doesn’t just mean healthier fish populations, it means the whole ecosystem begins to thrive.

All living things benefit from clean water, and removing old logging roads is one of the best ways to keep our streams fresh and our rivers clear. Forest diversity With fewer roads, more areas can recover from decades of logging.The action specifically responds to an August opinion issued by the U.S.

Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit that stated exactly the opposite–that stormwater runoff from logging roads, which is collected by and then discharged from a system of ditches, culverts, and channels, is a point source discharge for which a NPDES permit is required.The Metro Vancouver watersheds, also known as the Greater Vancouver watersheds, supply potable water to approximately million residents in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia.

They provide tap water to a land area covering more than 2, km², including cities such as Vancouver, Langley and Richmond.

From west to east, the watersheds are the Capilano Area: Capilano waters hectares, Seymour waters hectares, Coquitlam waters hectares.